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What are Greek Crosses?


Greek Crosses

A Greek cross is formed by two bars that are equal in length and crossed in the middle at right angles. This type of cross almost looks like a plus sign. The Greek cross was used especially often by the Eastern Orthodox believers as well as other early Christians. This cross is also called crux immissa quadrata. Sometimes the equal arms of the cross curve out as they get wider on the ends. It first became popular among the Greeks because those particular Christians favored art that had symmetrical aspects to it. The fact that all four parts of the cross are equal suggests symbolism of the Christian Church instead of Christ's suffering. This cross is often seen in Roman catacombs and other grace stones. In 958 AC, it also became the symbol upon the Genoa flag and in the 12th century, it was adapted onto the English flag.

One of the most famous variations of the Green cross it the symbol for the Red Cross organization. For over a century, the International Red Cross organization used the cross to signify their presence. It is a distinctive sign that is now recognized on an international level. The Red Cross led to many other colors and variations of the symbol. The blue cross in the form of a Greek cross is used by an animal charity in England. The orange cross is used as a symbol by loyalists in Northern Ireland and the Green Cross signifies First Aid and Safety. The black cross has found favor among many different political organizations and the white Greek cross is prevalent on the Greek flag, among many others.


Ankh Crosses

The Ankh Cross is also often called the Ansata Cross or crux ansata, which stands for cross with 'handles.' The cross has an Egyptian base and its correct pronunciation is unknown. The original Ankh symbol looks like a normal cross with a flame or a loop on its top. It was an Egyptian symbol that stood for life. In some of the Egyptian art, various gods are shown carrying the symbol with a loop, or carrying one in each hand with their arms crossed over their chests. The cross, which in Latin means, 'cross with a handle', was seen as a key to life in Egypt.

The Ankh cross is best described as a Tau Cross with a loop on the top. The exotic name goes along with the name of the Nile. The cross also was seen as a key to the Nile throughout the history of Egypt. There is no definite history of its origin and the basic design has many different possible origins. One theory is that the symbol appears like posts that line the banks of the Nile in order to help indicate the high water during times of flooding. Floods bring new soil that is often more fertile so this suggestion meant that the cross symbolized new and renewed life.

For many of the cultures that have used the symbol over the years, the loop represented the sun, which was often depicted held by the many various gods. The loop also symbolized that there was never a beginning or an end. It represented the eternal soul in connection with the mortal world. The symbol as a whole also looks like a key, used to unlock the mysteries of the various kingdoms over time including the kingdom of the dead. The symbol was used in funeral rites and it also represented the Tree of Life with a trunk below the foliage.

Christians within the early church adopted this cross symbol because it resembled the look of other crosses they used. The symbol is still popular among Christians today and it reminds them of the way to eternal life, through Christ. The ankh has come to symbolize immortal life, power, life-giving elements of water and air, and the universe as a whole. Since it has a key-like shape, it also encourages the belief that it can unlock any gates of death. Some people take it as a symbol of life after death.

Though the Ankh cross is more popular among Christians, the symbol of the ankh also is still very popular among neopagan religions. These spiritual movements use is as a symbol for new life, the occult, and immortality.

Types of Crosses

There are many different types of crosses that can be found on necklaces, as pendants, on earrings, bracelets, wall hangings and many other items. These crosses include:

  • Contemporary styles that are very slim-lined and sleek
  • Victorian styles with ornate styles and old world appearances
  • Capped crosses that use gold, silver, Mother of Pearl, marcasite, or other such materials
  • Crosses couples with metal tags engraved with scriptures
  • Chunky crosses with short features
  • Crosses with various figures of Jesus
  • Large, almost oversize crosses
  • Crosses featuring doves or another representation of the Holy Spirit

Golden cross pendant history goes back for many centuries. There is no concrete date set, but some historians place them back as far as 1000-1400 AC. Various religious cross pendants have been very popular for many ages. In the medieval age, costumes were often adorned with cross items at the neck or along the beltline. Crosses were in high demand at that time, and their popularity has only grown since.

Gold cross pendants have never faded in beauty or popularity. They are used with many feelings and emotions and they mean different things to different wearers. Gold cross pendants are wonderful ways for Christians to show their faith in Christ and they are also simply lovely pieces of jewelry. New designs come out all of the time along with the styles and fashions of the time. The collections available today are virtually endless with every type of style, metal, gemstone, and shape within reach. People can buy Christian crosses at local Christ gifts shops, Catholic jewelry stores, or even online at Christian gift websites. These items make lovely gifts for many different occasions. They are a nice way to show someone you care, no matter what the event or reason for giving may be